Memory Strategies

Memory Strategies

We have shown that both older and younger adults can reduce false memories by using a retrieval strategy that we call the distinctiveness heuristic (e.g., Dodson & Hege, 2005; Dodson et al., 2000; Dodson & Schacter, 2001a, 2002a, 2002b; Hege & Dodson, 2004; Weiss, Dodson et al., 2002). This strategy hinges on an individual’s expectations about what should be remembered about past events. Therefore, the absence of memory for expected information is taken as evidence for an event’s nonoccurrence.